Occupational Standard is a document defining levels of vocational education, their value in credits and knowledge, skills and values for each level. It also sets additional requirements based on specifics of each of the occupations.
Occupational Standards define occupational knowledge, skills and competencies that a person of the given occupation should possess.
Occupational Standards serve as the basis for creation of vocational programs. Standards are created by the National Center for Education Quality Enhancement (EQE) in accordance with the National Qualification Framework and in partnership with professional associations and other stakeholders.
Participants of the process of creation of Occupational Standards are professional associations, employer associations, vocational and higher education institutions, interested individuals and experts. Standards are discussed by various committees and thematic groups. EQE now coordinates the work of 14 sector committees: (1) Mountain and Geological Engineering, (2) Mechanic Engineering and Technology, Metallurgy and Materials, (3) Arts; (4) Business Administration; (5) Tourism; (6) Healthcare; (7) Marine, Railroad, Air, Ground Transportation; (8) Energy and Electric Engineering; (9) Agricultural Sciences; (10) Mass Communication / Journalism; (11) Construction and Environmental Engineering; (12) Computing/IT and Telecommunication; (13) Architecture; (14) Science.
Electronic versions of Occupational Standards are provided at the web-page of National Center for Educational Quality Enhancement.
Occupational Qualifications reflect the level of occupational knowledge, skills and values that are certified by the occupational diploma/certification issued by the institution providing vocational education programs.
Ministry of Education and Science of Georgia started working on the list of occupational qualifications in 2009. In 2010 the National Center for Education Quality Enhancement took over and formed several sectoral committees for this purpose. Regular meetings were held and 371 vocational specializations were approved.
At the same time, 11 directions were defined – agriculture, business administration, engineering, education, sciences, law, social sciences, arts, healthcare, humanitarian sciences, interdisciplinary sciences.
Description of vocational qualification defines learning outcomes based on six criteria for each level of education: a) knowledge and cognition, b) use of knowledge into practice, c) ability to make conclusions, d) communication, e) ability to learn, f) values.
Each further level of qualification encompasses learning objectives of previous level and requires higher level of knowledge, increased skills and values.
Occupational standards are created based on the vocational qualification standards. Vocational education programs are created based on national qualification framework and occupational standards.
List of vocational qualifications can be found at the web-site of the National Center for Educational Quality Enhancement (EQE).